Adult-onset diabetes is, as the name suggests, a diabetes that occurs mainly in older age. But how does it actually occur and what exactly happens to the body? We have asked ourselves the questions and collected the answers.
What exactly is adult-onset diabetes?
Diabetes in general is a metabolic disease in which our blood sugar level is significantly elevated. Diabetes mellitus is divided into type I and type II diabetes. Type II diabetes is adult-onset diabetes, as this type of diabetes occurs more frequently in adulthood. Nevertheless, nowadays more and more young people also suffer from the disease. The reason for this is usually overweight and obesity.
Why does diabetes occur at an older age of all times? The reason is the physical development of a person. In old age, most people gain weight and keep less fit because they can hardly do so. The body then quickly develops insulin resistance and eventually adult-onset diabetes develops. When adult-onset diabetes occurs, it means an enormous change in life. Because you have to take a lot of things into account.
From now on, you have to change your lifestyle significantly. You have to keep an eye on your blood sugar levels, eat a healthy and balanced diet, and much more. Adult-onset diabetes is definitely not to be underestimated and should be taken seriously. In many cases, you also have to start injecting insulin because your body can no longer absorb insulin.
What happens in the body with adult-onset diabetes?
If you have type II diabetes, your body naturally stops absorbing insulin. In other words, the body builds up a resistance to insulin. The consequence is usually that the hormone insulin has to be introduced by other means. For example, through an injection. And since insulin is a very important hormone for the body, you have to inject it regularly. Insulin is there to regulate the blood sugar level and the body does this with the help of insulin. Insulin ensures that the blood sugar level is lowered as soon as it is too high.
If the blood sugar level is too high and the body develops insulin resistance, it can have serious consequences for the body. The problem with adultonset diabetes is that the disease is not really noticed. This is because it is not uncommon to develop obesity or overweight at an older age. This makes it all the more important to have regular routine check-ups. This is the only way to detect adult-onset diabetes in time and treat it accordingly. Because if adult-onset diabetes is not recognised or is recognised much too late, it can have quite severe consequences.
These include kidney problems or the typical diabetic foot. But adult-onset diabetes can also cause other diseases, such as a stroke. If it really comes to that, it is of course an immense loss for the person affected. A diabetic foot usually ends with the amputation of the foot and a stroke with hemiplegia or death.
Now, of course, the question arises as to how diabetes can also occur in old age? As already mentioned, it is often the natural development of the body that can cause adult-onset diabetes. Because the older you get, the more you are restricted in your physical movement. And that in turn has a negative effect on the body. In addition, an unhealthy diet can support the onset of adult-onset diabetes. But weight gain is not atypical in old age either. Nevertheless, you should make sure that you have a balanced diet and keep moving.
It is important to recognise adult-onset diabetes as soon as possible. Basically, at an older age, one should pay more attention to whether symptoms of adult-onset diabetes occur.
The following symptoms or signs occur with adult-onset diabetes:
- Muscle cramps
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Wounds that heal very badly
- Strong feeling of thirst
- Dry skin
Many of these symptoms are also conventional developments in old age or symptoms of other diseases. Therefore, it is difficult to diagnose adult-onset diabetes based on symptoms. In order to be able to diagnose adult-onset diabetes, a urine sample must be taken to a doctor. Therefore, you should always go to the doctor for regular check-ups and a urine test.
What to do about adult-onset diabetes?
Should the diagnosis of adult-onset diabetes actually occur, there are many different treatment options. The severity of the diabetes also plays a role. In some cases, medication is sufficient, but in other cases, insulin must beinjected into the body. Therefore, if you are diagnosed with diabetes, you should see a specialist immediately and talk to your doctor about treatment.
The following therapies are available for adult-onset diabetes:
- Blood sugar lowering medication
- Change of diet
- Sports courses
- General weight reduction
- Insulin injection
Adult-onset diabetes: tips
We have summarised the most important tips for adult-onset diabetes:
- Have regular check-ups with your doctor.
- Keep moving even in old age and participate in sports courses.
- Make sure you eat a healthy and balanced diet. You can also attend a nutrition course for this.
- Observe the typical symptoms, especially frequent urination.
- Carry out appropriate therapy and do not neglect it. Pay special attention to blood glucose values in adult-onset diabetes.
- If you have any pre-existing conditions, ask your doctor for advice. Because adult-onset diabetes can also cause other serious diseases.
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- Stroke: What to do if it really gets that far?
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