A heart attack can happen to anyone and can occur at any time. But what should I do in the event of a heart attack? How can I help others? In this article we provide the answers to these and other questions.
How can I help others with a heart attack?
Whether you are at a family party or alone on the street. Theoretically, a situation could arise at any time in which you are confronted with a heart attack. Because every year, about 30,000 people in Switzerland are affected by heart disease.
In order to be best prepared for such a situation, you should know what to do in case of an emergency. We have compiled a small guide that you should follow in the event of a heart attack.
- First pay attention to the symptoms and observe them to see if they persist or subside again.
- Stay calm and dial the emergency number (144). Report the situation and follow the instructions on the phone.
- Free the affected person from tight clothing on the upper body. This includes, for example, a tie, shirt or even a bra. Because a heart attack in a woman is not unlikely.
- Assign a person to wait outside for the first aiders to arrive.
- As soon as the affected person stops breathing and there are no signs of life, you should start resuscitation. Instructions for resuscitation can also be obtained from the emergency call.
If you follow these instructions, you can make a big contribution to first aid in the event of a heart attack. The most important thing is that you remain calm and also try to reassure the affected person. However, to be really sure whether it is a heart attack, you should know and observe the symptoms.
Note: Our Taris app is designed to help ensure first aid. You can find out more about it right here.
In order to recognise a heart attack in the first place, it is very important to observe the symptoms. The signs of a heart attack are very clear and unambiguous.
Heart attack symptoms include:
- Severe pain in the chest area with an uplifting pressure.
- The duration of the chest pain lasts longer than 15 min.
- The chest pain spreads to other regions of the body, such as the shoulders and neck. But pain in the upper arm or a tingling sensation in the hand can also occur with a heart attack.
- The pain does not get better and continues.
If these symptoms occur, you can be fairly certain that it is a heart attack. In addition, those affected usually experience a feeling of mortal fear and begin to sweat profusely. This is usually accompanied by shortness of breath, which increases the fear of death.
If this is the case, it is important to calm the person down. Calm breathing or a reassuring conversation can help. When the symptoms appear, you should immediately dial the emergency number. The faster the first responders arrive, the higher the chance of survival for the affected person.
What can I do if I have a heart attack?
Many people are prepared to act if another person is affected by a heart attack. But how does one actually behave when one’s own person suffers a heart attack? This question is very difficult to answer, as one actually has to deal with pain and fear of death.
First and foremost, it is important to get help as soon as possible. Either try to dial the emergency number yourself or ask someone else to do so. In addition, you should not underestimate the symptoms. The sooner you make the emergency call yourself or ask someone to help you, the sooner first aid will arrive.
Then you should make sure that you stay calm and try to breathe calmly. The more you panic, the stronger the symptoms can become. You should also be aware that help is already on the way. This can also help to calm yourself down.
If the first aiders arrive, one should try to follow the instructions to help the medical staff with the treatment. You will then be taken to the nearest hospital for further treatment.
What is the chance of survival?
If you arrive at a hospital as quickly as possible, the chances of survival after a heart attack also increase. Medicine is now so well developed that it is possible to react very well to a heart attack. Of course, good first aid is also a prerequisite.
Heart attack Doccheck
If you suffer a heart attack and survive, you should definitely have yourself examined further by a doctor. The cause of the heart attack can usually be determined. After that, it is clear that further treatment is unavoidable. As a rule, one has to adjust one’s diet or take more exercise. But treatment with medication cannot be ruled out either. The attending physician then orders further treatment after the heart attack.
Heart attack treatment
There are different ways to treat a heart attack. Immediately after a heart attack, the patient is usually given a catheter in hospital. This involves fitting the patient with a stent. The stent dilates the affected heart vessel so that blood can flow through it again. This is because a blocked coronary vessel usually causes a heart attack.
After the treatment in hospital, the treatment continues. There are different treatment options. For example, you can take a course of treatment to strengthen your heart again. This can at least prevent another heart attack. You can discuss other treatment options with your doctor.
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