Many people regularly complain of a sudden and unpleasant feeling of dizziness. Moreover, vertigo is one of the most common symptoms that can occur. The causes for this can nevertheless be completely different. But what exactly is vertigo and what can you do about it? You can find all the important information about first aid for vertigo in this article.
What is dizziness?
Vertigo is a common symptom that can quickly throw us off balance. In medicine, vertigo is the term used for dizziness. Suddenly everything starts spinning and you see something blurred. But how does this happen in the first place? First of all, an important and often forgotten organ in our body is responsible for it, namely the organ of balance. This small organ is located directly in the inner ear and ensures optimal balance. The organ of equilibrium achieves this with the help of other components, such as the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
In addition, the organ of balance is filled with a fluid that is very important for balance in our body. When our body begins to turn or pick up speed, the fluid also begins to move. Through tactile hairs, certain information is sent to our brain, which receives and processes the information. The brain does this with the help of our eyes, muscles and joints. Then the brain calculates the exact position of our body in space and begins to navigate it. But this does not always work smoothly. If you turn or move too quickly, information gets mixed up and the balance starts to falter.
The best example of this is when you spin quickly around your own axis. We all had this fun at least once when we were children. If you spin around your own axis very quickly and then quickly stop again, the world around you continues to spin anyway. This is because the fluid continues to move for a short time, but our eyes immediately stop again. The brain is so overwhelmed with this information that the world continues to spin for a short moment.
Different types of vertigo
One can distinguish between several types of vertigo.
The most common species include:
- Central vertigo: occurs when there is a disorder in the brain. The most common causes are a stroke or a tumour.
- Peripheral vertigo: occurs when there is a disorder of the vestibular organ or the vestibular nerve.
Causes: This is how dizziness develops
There are different causes that can cause spinning vertigo. In most cases, the organ of balance and the fluid it contains is affected. It is not only the spinning around its own axis that can cause the fluid to move and confuse the brain. For example, if you do too much sport and do not drink enough fluids, spinning dizziness will also occur very quickly.
Other causes of spinning dizziness can be:
- Meniére’s disease: is a disease of the inner ear and disturbs the organ of balance in its work. The spinning vertigo usually occurs suddenly and is accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea or impaired vision.
- Neuritis vestibularis: The organ of balance fails completely due to inflammation of the vestibular nerve. In specialist medicine, this is also called neuritis vestibularis. This inflammation is usually caused by herpes viruses and causes sudden spinning vertigo.
- Psychological causes: Here, spinning dizziness occurs in situations where our psyche is overwhelmed. For example, when people have a problem staying in large crowds or when they are confined in a very small room. Psychological causes are among the most common causes of spinning vertigo.
First aid for dizziness
Now the question arises as to how to act or help others when spinning dizziness occurs. There are a few points to consider for first aid in case of spinning dizziness and also a few tips that can help quickly.
1. Set or support
If a person experiences spinning dizziness, it is important to sit down somewhere for a short while or to lean on something. This gives the person a secure footing and a secure feeling. After a short time, the dizziness should subside.
While the affected person sits down or supports him/herself, it is important to breathe calmly and evenly. By breathing correctly, you can get the circulation going again. In the best case, exhale twice as long as you inhale. Example: inhale for 2 to 3 seconds and exhale for 4 to 6 seconds.
The affected person should take a little liquid. This does not necessarily have to be water. A coffee or a cola can also do you good. Unless other symptoms occur, such as nausea. Then it is better to have a glass of water.
You can prevent rotary vertigo with small but important measures:
- Drink enough fluids throughout the day. Many people forget to drink throughout the day. This in turn has a negative effect on the circulation. Try to drink about 1 l to 1.5 l of water a day.
- A regular and balanced diet can prevent hypoglycaemia in the body.
- Make sure you get enough sleep so that the body is supplied with sufficient energy.
- Exercise regularly and take a little time out for yourself. Rest periods can do the body a lot of good.
Note: If the spinning vertigo still occurs, you should definitely consult a doctor. Then a disease could be responsible for the rotary vertigo.
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