Nosebleeds are not unusual and everyone has experienced them at least once in their life. But how dangerous can nosebleeds become and what can be done about them? There are often differing opinions on what first aid measures to take in the event of a nosebleed. Should you put your head forward or backward? We clarify things for you!
What helps against nosebleeds?
If you have a nosebleed, one of the blood vessels in your nose has burst or ruptured. This causes the blood to flow into the nose and then drip out of it. Sometimes stronger, sometimes weaker. In any case, you should not put your head back. This only delays the outflow of blood but does not solve the problem. Instead, the affected person should sit up straight and tilt their head forward. So the blood can flow out in peace.
However, there are different methods to stop the bleeding. The most famous trick is to squeeze the nostrils together until the blood stops draining. Pressing it tends to stop the bleeding. Another trick is to crumple up a piece of handkerchief or something similar and use it as a nose plug. The nasal plug is pressed onto the ruptured blood vessel, which means that the blood can flow out more slowly.
In addition, you can put a cold towel or a cold handkerchief on the neck. As a result, the blood vessels in the nasal area are jerked together. This has the effect that the blood flows more slowly and can therefore also flow more slowly out of the torn blood vessel. This is particularly helpful in summer. Because of the high temperatures, the blood in the bloodstream is also thinned, which is why it is more difficult to stop the nosebleed at high temperatures.
What to do if the nosebleed does not want to stop?
If the tips and tricks do not help, a large blood vessel appears to have burst in the nose. Then at the latest you should call an ambulance or, if possible, see a doctor yourself. The doctor can then make an initial diagnosis and order appropriate treatment. If, for example, the nose bleeds profusely after a sports accident, it could very likely be due to a broken nose. A broken nose can also occur in other accidents.
Here, too, it is important to provide first aid, to dial the emergency number or, if necessary, to take the person concerned to a doctor. Usually a fracture of a nose needs to be treated surgically. In some cases, the nose can heal without surgery.
Sometimes there are cases in which the patient does not notice a broken nose or a partial break in the nose and does not consult a doctor. If that is the case, it can get very complicated with it. Bleeding may occur regularly and it may be very difficult for the affected person to breathe through their nose. If that is the case, you should definitely consult a doctor. For further treatment, the attending physician must carefully examine the nose. Either the nose can be restored without surgery or the nose has to be broken again afterwards to ensure natural healing.
Frequent nosebleeds: causes
People with frequent nosebleeds rightly ask themselves “Why does my nose bleed so often”. If you have regular nosebleeds, there should definitely be a problem in or with your nose.
In most cases, frequent nosebleeds are due to the following causes:
- Blowing your nose too hard
- frequent nasal drilling
- sensitive blood vessel in the nose
- chronic disease
Nevertheless, the frequent nosebleeds occur especially at a young age. The cause for this is mostly unknown, although it is not uncommon in younger people. In principle, this has to do with puberty and the growth of adolescents. Should it occur in your children, please do not hesitate to consult a doctor.
If the blood vessel in the nose is sensitive, it can usually be treated quickly and easily. Here the ear, nose and throat doctor has the opportunity to obliterate the affected blood vessel.
First aid for nosebleeds: instructions
We have summarized the first aid measures for you in case of nosebleeds and put them below.
If the nosebleed occurs, follow these instructions:
- Have the person sit down upright and tilt their head forward.
- Close the nostrils to stop the bleeding. Alternatively, you can plug a nasal plug into the affected nostril.
- In the next step, you can place a cold towel on the affected person’s neck to reduce the bleeding.
How can you prevent nosebleeds?
It can be quite annoying when your nose keeps bleeding. In return, you can do something good for your nose and protect it. If you handle your nose roughly, your nose is irritated and prone to nosebleeds. To do this, you should stop drilling your nose, among other things, which is often the case with children in particular.
You should also refrain from blowing your nose heavily when cleaning your nose. In addition to blowing your nose, a dry nose can also lead to nosebleeds. Therefore, make sure that your nose is moist enough. This can be done, for example, with the help of a nasal rinse or regular inhalation. This keeps the mucous membrane in the nose moist.
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Sources and further links:
- https://www.tk.de/techniker/gesundheit-und-medizin/behandlungen-und-medizin/atemwegs-und-hno- Krankungen/nasenbluten-fast-immer-harmlos-2022890
Photo credits: © Envatoelements