A first aid kit can help with injuries in an emergency and thus save lives. Whether first aid kit, first aid bag or first aid box. They are used to support first aid. But what do the contents of a first aid kit look like and what do you have to consider?
In which situations do I need a first aid kit?
A first aid kit can help in any situation. Whether it is just a small cut while doing housework in the kitchen or after an accident on the highway. A first aid kit is meant to help quickly and professionally.
While in other countries, such as Germany, there is an obligation to carry a first aid kit in the car, this is not the case in Switzerland. Nevertheless, it is recommended to carry a first aid kit in the car for a possible emergency. Besides the car, you can also keep a first aid kit at your home. This way you are prepared for all possible emergencies in your own home.
A small first aid kit can also be used on the road. This set is usually kept very simple and small, so that it fits in your own pocket or backpack. A first aid kit is recommended especially for longer trips, such as hiking trips.
What should a first aid kit look like?
A first aid kit is not put together arbitrarily, but the contents are based on a specified DIN standard. Two DIN standards play an important role here: German standard DIN 13157 and DIN 13169. DIN 13157 is about first aid kits, which are provided to ensure proper first aid. DIN 13169 is about larger first aid kits, such as a first aid kit.
The DIN standard comes from Germany and thus has purely legal significance only in Germany. Nevertheless, the DIN standard is also frequently mentioned in Switzerland. If you want to buy a first aid kit, it does not hurt to take a look at the standard of the German colleagues.
First aid kit (for on the road)
A small first aid kit for your handbag or backpack can be put together quickly and easily. Smaller first aid kits are often offered for sale ready assembled. Such a first aid kit is ideal for hikes or excursions. The following contents are usually sufficient:
- 1x rescue blanket
- 1x first aid kit (medium size)
- 1 pair of vinyl gloves
- 1x non-adhesive compress
- 1x plaster strips (set))
These are the absolute basics in a first aid kit. Depending on your needs, the set can also be expanded.
First aid box
A first aid box can be found mainly in your own home or business. The first aid box is intended to repair more severe injuries that may occur at home or at work. In addition to the first aid box, first aid closets are also used in a business. A first aid closet is usually slightly larger and has more contents. If there is a first aid box in your workplace, ask the employer where it is located. In case of an emergency, it is always good to know where it is located.
First aid bag
The first aid bag is the most common first aid kit, which can be found mainly in cars or in larger institutions, such as museums. The first aid bag is one of the best equipped for an emergency.
The following content must be included according to the DIN standard:
|DIN 13157||DIN 13169|
|Bandage cloth DIN 13152||1||2|
|Packets of bandages DIN 13151 (small)||1||2|
|Packets of bandages DIN 13151 (medium)||3||6|
|Packets of bandages DIN 13151 (large)||1||2|
|fixation bandage (4 m x 6 cm)||2||4|
|fixation bandage (4 m x 8 cm)||2||4|
|Fingertip bandage (4,3 x 7,2 cm)||4||8|
|Finger bandage (12 x 2 cm)||4||8|
|Band aid strips (small)||4||8|
|Band aid strips (large)||8||16|
|Adhesive plaster (5 m x 2,50 cm)||1||2|
|Quick aid bandage (10 x 6 cm)||8||16|
|Gold/Silver Emergency blanket (210 x 160 cm)||1||2|
|Bandage shears (19 cm)||1||1|
|Single use gloves||4||8|
|Fleece cloths (20 x 30 cm)||5||10|
|Foil bag (30 x 40 cm)||2||4|
|Instant cold compress (small)||1||2|
|First aid booklet||1||1|
|Refill pack according to DIN 13157||1||–|
|Refill pack according to DIN 13169||–||1|
Note: This is the content according to DIN standard, which is not mandatory in Switzerland. It is merely a recommendation.
What happens after using a first aid kit?
If a first aid kit is used, all the contents used should be reordered as soon as possible. Because if an emergency occurs again and the contents are not available, professional first aid cannot be guaranteed. The individual contents can be easily reordered online.
Observe expiration date
The contents of a first aid kit can also have an expiration date. Here it is important to check the contents for the expiration date. If an expiration date has been reached, the contents cannot guarantee proper first aid according to the DIN standard. Since the DIN standard again only applies in Germany, this does not apply to Switzerland. Nevertheless, it is recommended to replace the contents after reaching the expiration date.
Basically, however, you should check the contents of a first aid kit every 6 months for the expiration date. Then sort out all products that have already expired. Once you have done this, you can use the checklist to reorder the new products you need and replenish them as soon as you receive them.
Where do you keep a first aid kit?
A first aid kit, whether a bag or a box, should always be stored in a safe place. To do this, the kit should be kept cool and dry. It should also not be easily accessible to children and infants.
- The First Aid ABC and ABCDE: What’s behind them?
- First aid for burns: How you can help!
- First aid: what to do when help is needed?
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