There are many everyday situations in which we can or even must provide first aid. From first aid for sunstroke to first aid for a tick bite, our help is needed. Nevertheless, there are also sudden situations, such as an accident, where victims need our help immediately. How does one behave? How can help be given? We answer these and other questions in this article.
In which situations can I give first aid?
First aid can be given in many situations. This also includes minor injuries or harmless illnesses. For example, you can also give first aid for a mild concussion. Therefore, first aid does not only have to be given for serious injuries. Nevertheless, in case of accidents or emergency situations, those affected are dependent on quick and professional help.
On average, emergency services need about 16 minutes to arrive at the scene of an accident. Every second counts for the survival of a person. With the help of our TarisApp, you can request professional medical help in an emergency situation. In addition, the emergency call is dialled automatically. You can find out more about our TarisApp right here.
The most common causes are as follows:
- Heart attack
- Epileptic seizure
- General accidents
- Anaphylactic shock
- Shortness of breath
- Burns on the body
- and much more.
One thing is certain: an incredible number of people are dependent on our help in emergency situations. Because every 3 seconds a person has a medical emergency.
How do I behave during first aid?
In order to be well prepared for an emergency situation, it is recommended to attend a first aid course. It is also compulsory to attend such a course when obtaining a driving licence. In addition, a first aid kit or first aid kit is obligatory in every car. This means that you are prepared for any medical emergency on the road. But you quickly forget what you have learned from the first aid course. Besides, people rarely attend a course voluntarily.
There is a traffic light scheme for emergencies, which should then help in certain situations:
– Overview of the emergency situation
– What happened?
– Who is involved?
– Who is affected?
– Exclude danger for responders
– Exclude danger for other persons
– Exclude danger for affected persons
– Protect yourself
– Secure and mark the accident site
– Switch off the machines
– Give first aid
What is the procedure for resuscitation?
If you have to resuscitate a person in an emergency situation, you must perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Two points are important for this:
1. Cardiac massage
- Kneel next to the affected person at about chest level
- Place the heel of one hand approximately in the middle of the chest.
- Then place the heel of the second hand on the first hand.
- Then, by shifting your own weight in the upper body and with your arms outstretched, you need to press vertically into the chest about 6 cm 30 times.
- During the whole process, the frequency should remain constant and be around 100 to 120 beats per minute.
2. Breath supply
- Lean the head back and point the chin upwards to clear the airways.
- Then take the index finger and thumb of the hand closer to the forehead to close the nose.
- Then open your mouth as long as you point your chin upwards.
- Breathe in normally and place your lips completely around the affected person’s mouth.
- Blow the inhaled air into the mouth for about one second until the victim’s chest rises.
- Then turn your head to the side and take another deep breath, making sure that the chest lowers again. Then repeat the previous step again.
- The cardiac massage and the ventilation take place alternately. First press 30 times and then give 2 breaths.
- If the person is then able to breathe on their own again, place the person in the recovery position.
- If there is still no breathing, repeat chest compressions and breathing until the emergency doctor arrives.
Providing first aid: tips
We have collected the most important tips for you that are very important in general first aid.
If you find yourself in a medical emergency, you should follow these tips:
- Stay calm and try to reassure the person concerned.
- Look out for possible symptoms and try to remember them.
- Dial the emergency number as soon as possible and describe the situation. If necessary, you must also report any symptoms that occur.
- Try to attract the attention of other people to ask for further help. You can also do this, for example, with our TarisApp via your mobile phone.
- If the person becomes unconscious, place the person in the recovery position.
- In case of unconsciousness, you should also remove possible objects in the mouth. This may expose the person’s airways.
- Feel the pulse and breathing of the affected person.
- If there is no breathing, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
The first aid measures always depend on the situation and the medical emergency. For example, you have to proceed differently in the case of a heart attack than in the case of anaphylactic shock. Even initially harmless emergencies such as sunstroke or concussion require additional measures. Nevertheless, even in initially harmless emergencies, further inconspicuous injuries can lead to serious consequences.
- Burns on the body: what can be done?
- Fainting: Losing consciousness!
- Dyspnoea: What to do when you suddenly run out of air?
Sources and further links:
Picture credits: ©Envatoelements