A heart attack is one of the most common causes of death in a person. According to the Swiss Heart Foundation, around 30,000 people in Switzerland are affected by a heart attack every year. But when do you know if it is a heart attack? In this article you will learn how to recognise a heart attack in an emergency.
How do I recognise a heart attack?
First of all, the much more important question to ask is when a heart attack might occur in the first place. The signs of a heart attack are particularly bad if one eats an unhealthy diet or takes little exercise. But smoking can also have a negative effect on the heart.
But a heart attack is getting closer, especially in old age. The older we get, the weaker and older our hearts become. The heart vessels then slowly begin to close and a heart attack becomes more and more likely.
Finally, in order to recognise a heart attack in an emergency, the symptoms that occur are very important. But it is also important to take the symptoms seriously and call for help quickly. If you underestimate the signs of a heart attack, your chances of survival are not good.
From time to time, there are cases of what is called a mild or silent heart attack. This is a gradual heart attack that is often underestimated. However, to prevent this from happening, you should be able to recognise a heart attack.
You can recognise a heart attack as quickly as possible if you familiarise yourself with the signs. This way, you can quickly diagnose a heart attack when symptoms appear and get help accordingly. Dialing the emercency number should always be the first decision. If the first responders arrive quickly, the chance of survival also increases.
The most common symptoms include the following:
- Severe pain in the chest area
- Feeling of pressure in the chest area
- Feeling of pressure spreads to other parts of the body such as arms or neck
- Fear of death
- Shortness of breath
- Pain does not get better
Other signs of a heart attack can also be, for example, a tingling in the left hand or a pain in the right upper arm. However, these signs are usually related to the other symptoms. If you experience these symptoms, you should call the emergency number and stay calm for the time being. If you are unable to dial the emergency number yourself, you should try to ask for help. It is important that the emergency call is made in any case. The only way to survive a heart attack is to get treatment at a hospital. In order to survive until you arrive at the hospital, you have to rely on the help of the first responders.
Note: With our app, it is even possible to request first aid via your smartphone. You can find out more about this right here.
Types of heart attack
With a heart attack, differences in severity can occur. As a rule, the symptoms occur so clearly that one can safely assume a heart attack. But there are cases in which a gradual heart attack occurs. In this case, one can assume a mild or silent heart attack.
The important thing here is to take the symptoms seriously and have yourself examined immediately. In this case, the same symptoms occur, but only in a weakened variant. Or there are only isolated symptoms that do not directly indicate a heart attack. For example, a slight pressure in the upper body or slight pain in the chest.
Nevertheless, one should not underestimate the symptoms. You should also be aware of the symptoms of a heart attack. Only then can you recognise a heart attack. With our app, for example, you can call for help in an emergency.
Risk factors heart attack
If you want to recognise a heart attack, you should also look at the risk factors. The risk factors can promote a heart attack by damaging the health and the heart. They can also help to prevent a heart attack. According to the Swiss Heart Foundation, nine out of ten heart attacks depend on various factors that you can influence yourself.
These include, among others:
- Not enough exercise
- Unhealthy diet
- Smoking (including passive smoking)
- High blood pressure
Many of the above-mentioned factors are within our control and we can also control them ourselves. Smoking in particular damages our body and not only our lungs. Even passive smoking can increase the risk of a heart attack. In other words, smoking not only harms our own bodies, but also those around us. Are you a regular smoker? Then you should stop now at the latest.
Instead, you should make sure you get enough exercise and keep your body moving. This will strengthen your body and your heart. It is not without reason that the heart of a competitive athlete is much larger than that of a normal person. You can also strengthen your body by eating a healthy and balanced diet. You can find many simple and healthy recipes for cooking on the internet. If necessary, you can ask your health insurance company for a diet plan. They usually offer a course for a balanced diet.
Then there are factors that we cannot necessarily influence. These include age or pre-existing conditions such as diabetes. Therefore, in these cases you should consult a doctor and discuss treatment options with him or her directly. In this way, you can prevent a heart attack in the best case.
- Heart attack: what can you do in an emergency?
- Heart attack: this is what happens in the body during a heart attack!
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