Temperatures rise in summer. It gets hotter every year because of global warming. So it is easy to underestimate the sun and the heat in the summer. Suddenly you have sunstroke and you don’t know what to do next. We will show you what you can do about it and how to prevent sunstroke.
What exactly happens with sunstroke?
With sunstroke, the body is exposed to the sun for a long time. The strong and permanent effect of the sun’s rays on the head can have a negative effect on the body. The person complains of various symptoms and has a general feeling of sickness.
The head and neck play the most important role here. Usually you only suffer from sunstroke if you do not protect yourself adequately from the intense heat. That’s why it’s important to wear a hat even in summer. Especially when you have little or no hair on your head. It is therefore essential to prevent sunstroke even for babies and children by putting on a hat.
When it must be considered, hair density is also important. If, for example, your scalp is still clearly visible, your hair can offer no protection against sunburn either. However, you should not only trust your hair when it is very hot. It is important to protect your head and neck from the sun’s rays.
How does sunstroke happen?
The causes of sunstroke do not necessarily include UV rays, but rather the intense heat to which one is exposed. The sun’s rays penetrate the scalp and thus irritate the meninges. Blood vessels in different areas expand and can even cause swelling of the brain. As a result, the person no longer feels well and complains of the first signs of sunstroke.
Sunstroke is often confused with heat stroke. You might think that these are the same, but there are clear differences. With heat stroke, the symptoms are much more severe and the health risk is much higher. In the case of sunstroke, you should stay out of the sun as quickly as possible and regenerate again. In case of heat stroke, on the other hand, you should immediately call an emergency doctor and provide first aid.
If you end up with sunstroke, then you don’t feel well in the first place. You complain of headaches and a feeling of dizziness. If this is the case, you should quickly move away from the sun and look for a shady place. But there are also other signs for sunstroke.
The most common symptoms include:
- Head turns
- Neck pain
- Hot and red body
- Cold head
Note: In the worst case, even a strong sunstroke will cause you to lose consciousness. Therefore it is important to remain calm and keep the affected person conscious. In case of emergency, do not hesitate and call the emergency services.
What to do in case of sunstroke?
Treatment is particularly important in cases of sunstroke. When the first signs become evident, sunstroke must be treated immediately. The sooner the sunstroke is neutralised, the shorter the duration of a sunstroke. And so the symptoms and consequences are much more harmless.
Please note the following:
- Move the affected person away from the sun and into a shady and cool place.
- Then place the upper part of the affected person’s body slightly higher up.
- Try to cool the head and neck, for example with a damp cloth.
- It is important to drink plenty of water.
- Do not take a cold shower or bath. This will only upset the cycle.
- Finally, you should continue to control your breathing and your consciousness. If the situation worsens, do not hesitate to call the emergency services.
Sunstroke during pregnancy is also not uncommon. However, to get through pregnancy well, pregnant women should pay special attention to heat and sun. During pregnancy, hormones make you much more susceptible. It is therefore best to follow our advice on prevention.
Preventing sunburn: tips
To avoid suffering from sunstroke, it should be carefully prevented. You can prepare very well in advance, especially if the days are announced. We have collected the most important tips for prevention.
- Make sure you do not stay in the sun. From time to time you should go to a cool, shady place.
- In extreme heat you sweat a lot and lose a lot of body fluid. That is why it is especially important to drink a lot. Avoid alcohol if possible.
- Wear loose, airy clothes to keep cool.
- Think about headgear, such as a cap or hat.
- If possible, avoid the intense heat at midday and switch to other times instead.
- Avoid a heavy meal, otherwise heavy digestion can trigger additional body heat.
You should definitely not underestimate a sunstroke and watch the weather report. This allows you to be sufficiently prepared when the heat is announced.
If heat is taken lightly, it can do much more than just sunstroke. Heat stroke is far worse and can be very dangerous. But so that it doesn’t come to that, you can prevent sunstroke by a few means and enjoy the summer.
- Dyspnoea: what to do when you suddenly run out of air?
- Body burns: what can be done?
- Shock: what exactly happens in a state of shock?
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